• SEER: Simulative Emotional Expression Robot

    “SEER” is a humanoid robotic head developed as an artistic work by Takayuki Todo. It explores the significance of gaze and facial expression in the sphere of human-machine research.
    Takayuki Todo is interested in how people establish an emotional relationship with humanoid robots. As the discipline of robotics has shown for years, a realistic similarity to the human form alone is not able to break down the distance between a human and a machine. The term “uncanny valley” refers to this very narrow but significant gap between what a person perceives as real and credible, and what they perceive as artificial and uncanny.
    For Todo, the central element that offers a way out of the “uncanny valley” is the gaze. For years he has been working on anthropomorphic figures that are made of entirely synthetic materials yet acquire a liveliness through their gaze. Created in 2018, Todo calls his “Simulative Emotional Expression Robot” “SEER” - evocative of a seeing being. Using a 3D printer, the artist produced a head made of several parts that was designed on a reduced scale and without any gender or ethnicity-specific features.
    The robot has a camera that perceives the human counterpart, focuses, and then reciprocates their gaze. “SEER” not only interacts with the viewer through eye contact, but also by nodding its head and moving its eyes, eyelids and eyebrows. The intensity of the movements increases as the person approaches “SEER”. The figure has a childlike physiognomy, its facial expressions and movements are comforting in their tenderness. “SEER” seems to have a life of its own in which it encounters us. It reflects the facial expressions of its counterpart, it generates movements as reproductions of existing ones, but does not produce any autonomous gestures.

    (Script by Franziska Nori (the director of Frankfurter Kunstverein))



    concept: Takayuki Todo

    hardware design(inside mechanics and exterior modeling): Takayuki Todo

    face-tracking software: Takanari Miisho
    motor-control: Yuki Koyama, Seiga Kiribayashi(strv)


  • Latest exhibition

    "SUPERNATURAL Sculptural Visions of the Body"

    October 10, 2020 to March 7, 2021

    at Kunsthalle Tübingen, Germany.


    Curator: Nicole Fritz
    Artists: Anne Carnein, Mat Collishaw, Anna Dumitriu and Alex May, Isa Genzken, GLASER/KUNZ, Thomas Grünfeld , Alex Hanimann, Rebecca Horn, Sam Jinks, Kristof Kinteta, Josh Kline, Peter Land, Goshka Macuga, Reiner Maria Matysik, Maurice Mbikayi, Fabien Merelle, Patricia Piccinini, Takayuki Todo, Anna Uddenberg, Super Vivaz, Andro Wekua


    Given the technological developments in biogenetics, man will be in a position in the future to existentially alter everything living, nature, the animal world, and the images of man. What will bodies look like in the future? Who or what will we be? In what kind of environment will we live? The exhibition SUPERNATURAL presents responses from the realm of hyper-realistic and realistic sculpture.

    The forward-looking works not only reflect impacts of the digital revolution and genetic technology on “post-human” man and the environment, they also illustrate by means of hybrid creations that in our day the borderlines between nature and culture have become fluid. Increasingly, technical innovations also play a role in the development of the latest hyper-realistic sculptures.

    When the artists perfect their production processes using 3D printing and extend the sculptural limits in the direction of robotics and synthetic biology, for them too, new design possibilities open up that are located somewhere between artifact, biology, and technology.


  • What is SEER?

    SEER has obtained real-time face-mirroring ability!!

    2018 August,

    just before the exhibition in "SIGGRAPH 2018 Vancouver".

    How SEER comes to LIFE

    Visitors' reaction at "LAVAL VIRTUAL 2019" Laval, FRANCE.

    (120p Highspeed footage)

    German schoolgirls react

    in the exhibition "Empathetic Systems" at Frankfurter Kunstverein, Germany.


  • 藤堂高行 Takayuki TODO

    アーティスト Artist


    京都市立芸術大学 美術学部 総合芸術学科卒。

    情報科学芸術大学院大学 ( IAMAS ) 修士課程メディア表現研究科修了。


    Born in Kobe, Japan 1985.

    Bachelor of aesthetics and art theory, Kyoto City University of Arts, Kyoto, 2011.

    Master of Media Creations, Institute of Advanced Media Art and Science (IAMAS), Gifu, 2014.



  • Past exhibitions



    KFAS festival

    Salwa Sabah Al-Ahmad Theater & Hall, Safir Marina Hotel, Kuwait city.
    9 - 14, Feb.2020

    "Biennale Némo 2019 Jusqu’ici tout va bien?"

    "Empathetic Systems"

    Frankfurter Kunstverein, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

    With Theo Jansen, Yves Netzhammer.

    14.Jun.2019 — 08.Sep.2019.



    Ars Electronica Center, Linz, Austria.

    27.May 2019 - 26. May 2020


    "Meta Marathon 2019"

    NRW-Forum, Dusseldorf, Germany.

    15-17, Mar. 2019


    Ars Electronica Festival 2018 "ERROR the Art of Imperfection."

    Postcity, Linz, Austria.

    6 - 9, Sep. 2018


    SIGGRAPH 2018

    Vancouver Convention Centre, Vancouver, Canada.

    12 - 16, Aug. 2018


    Report by Techcrunch