• SEER: Simulative Emotional Expression Robot

    “SEER” is a humanoid robotic head developed as an artistic work by Takayuki Todo. It explores the significance of gaze and facial expression in the sphere of human-machine research.
    Takayuki Todo is interested in how people establish an emotional relationship with humanoid robots. As the discipline of robotics has shown for years, a realistic similarity to the human form alone is not able to break down the distance between a human and a machine. The term “uncanny valley” refers to this very narrow but significant gap between what a person perceives as real and credible, and what they perceive as artificial and uncanny.
    For Todo, the central element that offers a way out of the “uncanny valley” is the gaze. For years he has been working on anthropomorphic figures that are made of entirely synthetic materials yet acquire a liveliness through their gaze. Created in 2018, Todo calls his “Simulative Emotional Expression Robot” “SEER” - evocative of a seeing being. Using a 3D printer, the artist produced a head made of several parts that was designed on a reduced scale and without any gender or ethnicity-specific features.
    The robot has a camera that perceives the human counterpart, focuses, and then reciprocates their gaze. “SEER” not only interacts with the viewer through eye contact, but also by nodding its head and moving its eyes, eyelids and eyebrows. The intensity of the movements increases as the person approaches “SEER”. The figure has a childlike physiognomy, its facial expressions and movements are comforting in their tenderness. “SEER” seems to have a life of its own in which it encounters us. It reflects the facial expressions of its counterpart, it generates movements as reproductions of existing ones, but does not produce any autonomous gestures.

    (Script by Franziska Nori (the director of Frankfurter Kunstverein))



    concept: Takayuki Todo

    hardware design(inside mechanics and exterior modeling): Takayuki Todo

    face-tracking software: Takanari Miisho
    motor control: Yuki Koyama, Seiga Kiribayashi(strv)


  • Current exhibitions


    permanent exhibition at Ars Electronica Center, Linz, Austria.

    27.May.2019 -


    "Empathetic Systems"

    Frankfurter Kunstverein, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

    With Theo Jansen, Yves Netzhammer.

    14.Jun.2019 — 08.Sep.2019.


  • Coming exhibitions

    "Biennale Némo "Jusqu’ici tout va bien?"


    09.Oct.2019. — 09.Feb.2020.




    1. SEER has obtained real-time face-mirroring ability!!

      2018 August,

      just before the exhibition in "SIGGRAPH 2018 Vancouver".

      How SEER comes to LIFE

      Peoples' reaction at "LAVAL VIRTUAL 2019" Laval, FRANCE.

      (120p Highspeed footage)

      German schoolgirls react

      in the exhibition "Empathetic Systems" at Frankfurter Kunstverein, Germany.


    2. 藤堂高行 Takayuki TODO

      アーティスト Artist


      京都市立芸術大学 美術学部 総合芸術学科卒。

      情報科学芸術大学院大学 ( IAMAS ) 修士課程メディア表現研究科修了。


      Born in Kobe, Japan 1985.

      Bachelor of aesthetics and art theory, Kyoto City University of Arts, Kyoto, 2011.

      Master of Media Creations, Institute of Advanced Media Art and Science (IAMAS), Gifu, 2014.